Original 1780 receipt by Dr. Henry Schnebely, purchasing agent for the Continental Army, buying wheat and rye grains from his neighbors, including sectarian non-jurors– those who, for religious reasons, refused to take the oath of allegiance to the new government– such as Jacob Brumback (aka Brumbaugh). See March 8 date, the name Jacob Bromback and the “ditto” line below it. Schnebely was Brumbaugh’s immediate neighbor and also a member of the Committee of Observation. The title of the receipt reads “Retorn of Deferent Species of Grain Purchased by Henry Schnebely in Washington County by order of a Act of Assembly April the 16th 1780.” The columns are labeled for Flower (flour), wheat, rye, and corn. The Hagerstown area was a main “breadbasket” of the colonies. Though Jacob might have been a conscientious objector, and a non-juror, having sold provisions to the Continental army, one hundred twenty years later later qualified Jacob as a “patriot” in the eyes of the Daughters and Sons of the American Revolution (DAR & SAR). An interesting paradox, don’t you think?
1759 survey of Jacob’s farm, Clalands Contrivance, north of Hagerstown, Maryland. Note that the shape of the farm leaves it with 44 sides! Was the surveyor crazy or were there contiguous tracts that caused the irregular shape? Probably the latter. The little triangle sticking out on the bottom, for instance, was where the original survey overlapped with an “elder survey” or one done previous in time by a neighbor, so they had to lop off that 5 acres. Jacob owned this farm from 1753 until his death in 1799. It was a grain farm and comprised over 500 acres. Courtesy Maryland State Archives where I downloaded this image for free along with images of several other parcels bought by Jacob in the 18th century. Sometimes the Internet can be wonderful! Enjoy, ask questions.
Jacob Brumbaugh was a member of Jonathan Hager’s scout patrol in the Maryland militia in the 1756-1757 time frame. He and Hager and Andrew Rentch also quartered (housed) soldiers during the French & Indian War and were compensated for it. There were several stories written by twentieth-century church historians who said that Jacob became a friend and nurse to Col. George Washington on the Braddock Campaign in 1755. Washington, serving merely as an aide-de-camp to General Edward Braddock, was actually very sick, sick enough to be carried in a litter for days before the British soldiers were subjected to a surprise attack by a smaller force of French and Indians near present-day Pittsburgh. Washington suffered four bullet holes in his uniform and lost two horses underneath him during the fray, but eventually garnered praise for his resourcefulness in leading a retreat. In the aftermath of the defeat on July 9, 1755, he was again ill for several days and the book goes into some of the details. Those stories about Jacob Brumbaugh’s role at that time are squarely addressed in the book.After Braddock’s defeat, for the next eight years there were nearly constant Indian attacks on the frontier in the Conococheague district of Frederick County. The illustration shows the wounding of General Braddock on July 9th. He died of his wounds July 13th and Washington oversaw his burial, which was hidden so that the Indians would not find and take his scalp.